Kulubá (Mexico)



Archaeologists discover remains of vast Mayan palace in Mexico

Ancient building found 100 miles west of Cancún estimated to be more than 1,000 years old


see also the video below with 4:54 / sehen Sie auch das Video unten mit 4:54

Archaeologists in Mexico have uncovered the remains of a vast Mayan palace over 1,000 years old in an ancient city about 100 miles west of the tourist hotspot of Cancún.

The building in Kulubá is 55 metres long, 15 metres wide and six metres high, and appears to have been made up of six rooms, said Mexico’s National Institute of Anthropology and History.

It is part of a larger complex that also includes two residential rooms, an altar and a large round oven. Archaeologists have also uncovered remains from a burial site, and hope forensic analysis of the bones could provide more clues about Kulubá’s Mayan inhabitants.


An archaeologist cleans some of the building uncovered in Kulubá Photograph: Mexico’s National Institute Of A/Reuters

An archaeologist cleans some of the building uncovered in Kulubá Photograph: Mexico’s National Institute Of A/Reuters

The palace was in use during two overlapping eras of Mayan civilisation, in the late classical period between AD600 and AD900, and the terminal classical between AD850 and AD1050, said Alfredo Barrera Rubio, one of the lead archaeologists at the site.

 “We know very little about the architectural characteristics of this region, the north-east of Yucatán. So one of our main objectives, as well as the protection and restoration of cultural heritage, is the study of the architecture of Kulubá,” he said in a video made on the site (see below).

“This is just the start of the work. We are only just uncovering one of the largest structures on the site.” He hopes that as the work continues, it will become a natural attraction for visitors to the region.

The Mayans built one of the greatest civilisations of the western hemisphere, which flourished across central America including what is now southern Mexico, Guatemala, Belize and Honduras.

Their cities featured pyramid temples and huge stone buildings, and they used agriculture and metalwork, developed sophisticated irrigation systems and invented a hieroglyphic writing system.

But Mayan society suffered a precipitous and mysterious decline between AD800 and AD1000. Scientists have suggested war, climate, disease and politics as possible causes, although cities including Chichén Itzá – which the archaeological dig suggests controlled Kulubá – flourished longer.

The conservation team are considering bringing back some of the forest cover – which was cleared during earlier excavation work at older parts of the site – to protect some of the more delicate buildings from the elements.

“One option which the site offers is using vegetation for conservation,” said Natalia H Tangarife, part of the conservation team.

“This would mean reforesting specific sites so that trees can provide protection from direct sunlight, wind and other elements, for those structures which still have some of the original paint colours.”

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Kulubá: Dig uncovers large Mayan palace in Mexico


BBC, 26 December 2019

Archaeologists in Mexico have uncovered the ruins of a large palace they believe dates back to the height of the Mayan civilisation, 1,000 years ago.

Remains of a building six metres (20ft) high, 55m long and 15m wide were found at a dig on the site of the ancient city of Kulubá in Yucatán state.

It is thought the structure was used over two periods of Mayan history as far back as AD 600.

The Mayan civilisation flourished before Spain conquered the region.

In their time, the Mayans ruled large stretches of territory in what is now southern Mexico, Guatemala, Belize and Honduras.

The palace was possibly in use during two periods of Mayan history, the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) said: the Late Classic (600-900 AD) and the Terminal Classic (850-1050 AD).

As well as the former palace, archaeologists are exploring four structures in Kulubá's central square: an altar, remnants of two residential buildings and a round structure thought to be an oven.

"This work is the beginning, we've barely began uncovering one of the most voluminous structures on the site," archaeologist Alfredo Barrera was quoted as saying by Reuters news agency.

Because of concerns about damage from wind and sun to the exposed site, near the popular Caribbean resort of Cancún, conservationists are considering reforesting parts of Kulubá.

Many photos of the site you see on the Mayan ruins website:

Viele Fotos der Stätte sehen Sie auf der Mayan ruins website: